S-2 - Definitions.  

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  • For the purpose of this Appendix, certain terms, words, phrases, and their derivatives shall be construed as set forth in this Section. Whenever terms are not defined, their ordinary dictionary meaning shall apply.

    Absorber. That part of the solar collector that receives the incident radiation energy.

    Ambient Temperature. Surrounding temperature.

    Aperture. The maximum projected area of a solar collector through which the unconcentrated solar radiant energy is admitted.

    Area, Absorber. The total projected heat transfer area from which the absorbed solar irradiation heats the transfer media.

    Closed Loop System. A system where the fluid is enclosed in a piping system that is not vented to the atmosphere.

    Collector. See Solar Collector.

    Collector Cover (Glazing). The material covering the aperture to provide thermal and environmental protection.

    Collector System. That section of the solar system that includes the collector and piping or ducts from the collector to the storage system.

    Concentrating Solar Collector. A solar collector that uses reflectors, lenses, or other optical elements to concentrate the radiant energy passing through the aperture onto an absorber of which the surface area is smaller than the aperture area.

    Design Pressure. The maximum allowable pressure for which a specific part of a system is designed.

    Design Temperature. The maximum allowable continuous or intermittent temperature for which a specific part of a solar energy system is designed to operate safely and reliably.

    Distribution System. That section of the solar system from the storage system to the point of use.

    Draindown (Drainback). An active solar energy system in which the fluid in the solar collector is drained from the solar energy system under prescribed circumstances.

    Fail-Safe Freeze Protection. A freeze-protection method that does not rely on the activation or continued operation of any mechanical or electrical component.

    Flash Point. The minimum temperature corrected to a pressure of 14.7 psi (101 kPa) at which a test flame causes the vapors of a portion of the sample to ignite under the conditions specified by the test procedures and apparatus. The flash point of a liquid shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D 56, ASTM D 93, or ASTM D 3278.

    Freeze Protection. Any method for protecting solar thermal systems from damage due to freezing conditions where installed in locations where freezing ambient temperature conditions exist.

    Heat Exchanger. A device that transfers heat from one medium to another.

    Heat Transfer Medium. The medium used to transfer energy from the solar collectors to the thermal storage or load.

    Integral Collector Storage. A solar thermal energy system that uses a solar collector that has all or most of its heat transfer medium inside the collector.

    Langelier Saturation Index. A formula used to measure water balance or mineral saturation control of pool, spa, or hot tub water. Total alkalinity, calcium hardness, pH, water temperature, and total dissolved solids are measured, given a factor, and calculated to determine whether water has a tendency to be corrosive or scale forming.

    Open Loop System. A solar thermal system where the fluid is enclosed in a piping system that is vented to the atmosphere.

    Out-Gassing. As applied to thermal energy, the thermal process by which materials expel gas.

    Passive Solar Systems. As used in these requirements, are solar thermal systems that utilize elements of a building, without augmentation by mechanical components such as blowers or pumps, to provide for the collections, storage, or distribution of solar energy for heating, cooling, or both.

    Solar Collector. A device used to absorb energy from the sun.

    Solar Energy System. A configuration of equipment and components to collect, convey, store, and convert the sun's energy for a purpose.

    Solar Energy System Components. Any appliance, assembly, device, equipment, or piping used in the conversion of solar energy into thermal energy for service water heating, pool water heating, space heating and cooling, and electrical service.

    Solar Thermal Energy System. See Solar Thermal System.

    Solar Thermal System. A type of solar energy system that utilizes a complete assembly of subsystems which convert solar energy into thermal energy and utilize this energy for service water heating, pool water heating, space heating and cooling purposes.

    Thermal Storage. A tank or vessel used in a solar thermal, hydronic, or geothermal system, in which thermal energy is stored.

    Thermosiphon. The natural circulation of fluids due to temperature differential.

    Total Alkalinity. The sum of all alkaline minerals in the water that is primarily in bicarbonate form, but also as sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium carbonates, and hydroxides. It is a measure of the water's ability to resist changes in pH.

(Ord. 2016-0055 § 20, 2016; Ord. 2013-0050 § 22, 2013.)