§ 22.46.2030. Definitions  


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  • Whenever the following terms are used in this Specific Plan, they shall be construed as defined in this Section. Words and phrases not defined below or in Sections 22.46.2100 and 22.46.2160 of this Specific Plan shall be construed as defined in the County Code. The definitions set forth in this Specific Plan are intended to encompass future technologies and materials which may be utilized in the construction, implementation, or uses permitted herein.

    Adult Business Establishment. Adult Business Establishment shall include Adult Business, Adult Cabaret, and Adult Hotel and Motel, as those terms are defined in Section 22.62.015 of the Zoning Code.

    Alcohol Use Approval. A ministerial process to determine compliance of new establishments seeking approval after the effective date of this Specific Plan of the right to sell and/or serve alcoholic beverages with all applicable provisions of this Specific Plan, pursuant to Section 22.46.2090 of this Specific Plan.

    Amphitheater. A Land Use Category that allows a venue used for public assembly and/or entertainment including, but not limited to, theatrical performances, concerts, lectures, circuses, sporting events, or other similar events.

    Ancillary Support Facility. Ancillary facilities to Studio Uses designed to provide consumer services within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area. Ancillary Support Facilities include, but are not limited to, those facilities used for food services, banking services, hair salons, physical fitness, commuter transportation, security, and the sale of sundries, studio merchandise and memorabilia, if theses uses are designed and operated to be primarily available for on-site employees, guests, and visitors, but are not generally available to the general public.

    Applicant. Any person or entity submitting an application for a Substantial Conformance Review, an Alcohol Use Approval, Sign Conformance Review, Internal Sign Review, an administrative clarification, a Specific Plan exception, a Specific Plan interpretation, or similar action related to this Specific Plan.

    Back-of-House. The area of an Entertainment Attraction, Universal Studio Tour or other feature of the Theme Park not normally accessible to visitors which contains maintenance and repair facilities, warehouses, storage areas, animal storage facilities, ancillary offices, delivery areas, employee dressing rooms and rest areas, mechanical/electrical equipment, ride track areas within Entertainment Attractions, and other support facilities. Back-of-House areas may be enclosed or unenclosed.

    Candela. A measure of light energy from a source at a specific standard angle and distance. A measure of the light energy designed to evaluate the output of light from a lamp or light fixture in terms of both the intensity of light and the direction of travel of the light energy away from the source.

    City. The City of Los Angeles, California.

    City [Q]C2 Area. The applicable areas of the NBC Universal Evolution Plan project site within the boundaries of the City adjacent to the Universal Studios Specific Plan area, as shown on Exhibit 1-A as of the effective date of this Specific Plan and as shown on Exhibit 1-B on the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions discussed in Section 22.46.2000.B of this Specific Plan should those actions be approved. The Director may modify Exhibit 1-B consistent with the Local Agency Formation Commission's action pursuant to Section 22.46.2200 of this Specific Plan.

    CityWalk. An entertainment venue and entertainment retail venue area that provides retail, restaurant, entertainment and theater uses, including, but not limited to, the cinemas in CityWalk. Within CityWalk, there are also several administrative and employee support offices, along with some Office and Studio Use. The boundaries of CityWalk within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area as of the effective date of this Specific Plan are shown on Exhibit 2-A and are shown on Exhibit 2-B as of the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions discussed in Section 22.46.2000.B of this Specific Plan should those actions be approved. The Director may modify Exhibit 2-B pursuant to Section 22.46.2200 of this Specific Plan to be consistent with the detachment and annexation actions.

    Communication Facilities. Any Non-Occupiable Structure or equipment used for the purpose of sending or receiving data and information communications or housing equipment to support the sending or receiving of communications, and other future technological advances in such communications. Communication Facilities may include, but are not limited to, satellite and microwave dishes, antennae dishes and/or satellite farms, wireless telecommunication facilities such as cellular, WiFi, television and two-way radio transmitters and broadcast communications facilities, communications and data facilities, control and telemetry signals, cable or fiber optic systems, or future technological advances in Communication Facilities. Communication Facilities shall also include necessary support infrastructure, such as electrical, electronic or electromagnetic vaults, cabling, equipment racks, servers, generators, transformers, downlink systems, uninterrupted power supply (UPS) systems, and other related broadcast and communication support equipment and systems.

    Conceptual Site Plan. The exhibit depicting, for informational purposes only, existing development and the conceptual plan for proposed development within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area pursuant to this Specific Plan. An initial Conceptual Site Plan is contained in the Plan Description, Chapter 2, of the Specific Plan Guidelines.

    Contributing Building. A building listed as a contributing resource in the Historic Preservation Plan.

    County. County of Los Angeles, California.

    Department of Public Works. The Department of Public Works of the County of Los Angeles.

    Department of Regional Planning. The Department of Regional Planning of the County of Los Angeles.

    Director. The Director of the Department of Regional Planning or his or her designee.

    Entertainment Attraction. A building, structure, improvement, device, mechanism or other facility or use, or combination thereof, operated primarily for entertainment purposes as part of the Theme Park, Universal Studio Tour, CityWalk, or related activities, which may include controlled access or controlled capacities. Entertainment Attractions may include, but are not limited to: amusement rides, shows (live, computerized, animated, automated, electronic, video, motion picture, and new technologies), animal shows, outdoor displays, aquarium, parades, tours, exhibitions, assembly areas, pavilions, interactive and active play areas, or other similar activities and facilities, all of which may be outdoors or indoors, or combination thereof.

    Entertainment Retail Use. A Land Use Category that includes all forms of retail and restaurant uses in CityWalk, and support facilities, as permitted by this Specific Plan.

    Entertainment Use. A Land Use Category that includes all forms of entertainment and recreation uses generally open to the public, as permitted by this Specific Plan. The uses include, but are not limited to, the Universal Studio Tour, events, and uses in the Theme Park, including restaurant and retail uses, Entertainment Attractions, and support facilities.

    Existing Off-Site Residential Uses. Residential uses located outside of the combined boundaries of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area and the City [Q]C2 Area. Hotel uses are not included as Existing Off-Site Residential Uses.

    Existing Site Plan. The site plan for the existing NBC Universal property showing existing buildings within the current and proposed County portions of the property as it exists on the effective date of this Specific Plan.

    Finished Grade. The lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground, paving or sidewalk, excluding a driveway(s) or secondary access stairwell(s), within the area between a structure and the property line or a line 5 feet from the structure, when the property line is farther than 5 feet from the structure.

    Floor Area. The total of the area in square feet of the floor surfaces confined within the exterior walls of a building. Floor Area does not include exterior patios, decks, balconies, rooftop areas, or other specifically defined exterior space which is designed for use by patrons, tenants or visitors within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area. Floor Area does not include exterior walls, space devoted to stairways and stairwells, basement storage, elevator shafts, mechanical or electrical equipment areas, vertical utility shafts, light courts, parking structures including associated driveways, ramps, loading areas and areas incidental thereto, rooms housing mechanical equipment and machinery incidental to the operation of buildings, temporary trailers used for Production Activities or construction activities, Temporary Uses, seasonal uses, helicopter landing areas, Sets/Facades, Thematic Elements, ride track areas within Entertainment Attractions, queue lines, covered or uncovered general public pedestrian circulation areas, plazas, and similar areas which are intended for public circulation.

    Floor Area, Additional Permitted. The net new Floor Area that may be constructed pursuant to this Specific Plan as of the effective date of this Specific Plan as shown in Table 5-1, and the net new Floor Area that may be constructed as shown in Table 5-2 as of the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions discussed in Section 22.46.2000.B of this Specific Plan should those actions be approved, and any net new Floor Area as permitted by this Specific Plan pursuant to the Land Use Equivalency provisions of Section 22.46.2060 of this Specific Plan, (including repair, replacement, or modification of existing uses which increase Floor Area). The Additional Permitted Floor Area is calculated based on gross new Floor Area minus the demolition of Floor Area of any existing land uses within the Specific Plan area.

    Floor Area, Baseline. The existing Floor Area as of the effective date of this Specific Plan as shown in Table 5-1, and the existing Floor Area as shown in Table 5-2 as of the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions discussed in Section 22.46.2000.B of this Specific Plan should those actions be approved, located within the existing buildings shown on the Existing Site Plan.

    Floor Area, Total Permitted. The total square feet of existing Baseline Floor Area and the Additional Permitted Floor Area, and any additional square feet of net new Floor Area as permitted by this Specific Plan pursuant to the Land Use Equivalency provisions of Section 22.46.2060 of this Specific Plan. The Total Permitted Floor Area includes the repair, replacement, or modification of existing uses within the Specific Plan area.

    Footcandle. A unit of light energy incident on a square foot of surface one foot away from a standard candle.

    Graphic Treatment. Graphic Treatment is defined in Section 22.46.2160 of this Specific Plan, Signage Regulations, of this Specific Plan.

    Height. The vertical distance, in terms of feet above Mean Sea Level (MSL), measured to the highest point of the building, structure, roof structure or parapet wall, whichever is highest. For purposes of measuring Height, roof structures shall include rooftop equipment and architectural elements or Thematic Elements. Notwithstanding, the Height of Free-standing Signs, Communication Facilities and maintenance storage buildings shall be measured from Finished Grade, as set forth in this Specific Plan, unless specified otherwise.

    Height Exception. A specified Height, measured in terms of feet above MSL, in which buildings within the 890′ Height Zone may exceed the maximum Height of the Height Zone up to the maximum stated Height for the Height Exception as set forth in Section 22.46.2050 of this Specific Plan and as shown on Exhibit 3-A as of the effective date of this Specific Plan and as shown on Exhibit 3-B on the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions should those actions be approved. The Director may modify Exhibit 3-B pursuant to Section 22.46.2200 of this Specific Plan to be consistent with the annexation and detachment actions.

    Height Zone. A specific limitation on building and structure Heights within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area defined in terms of maximum feet above Mean Sea Level (MSL) as identified on Exhibit 3-A as of the effective date of this Specific Plan and as shown on Exhibit 3-B on the effective date of the annexation and detachment actions should those actions be approved. The Director may modify Exhibit 3-B pursuant to Section 22.46.2200 of this Specific Plan to be consistent with the annexation and detachment actions.

    Highly Reflective Building Materials. Exterior building materials, such as polished metal or mirrored glass (glazing with a ratio of 0.20 or higher of visible light reflectance from its exterior surface), that have the potential to cause glare impacts to offsite uses or public rights of way. Visible light reflectance is the ratio of visible light that is reflected from the surface to the sum of that which is transmitted, reflected and absorbed.

    Historic Preservation Expert. A person, retained by the Universal Studios Specific Plan area property owner, who has a graduate degree in architectural history or architecture, and at least three (3) years of experience working as a historic preservation professional.

    Historic Preservation Plan. The Universal Studios Historic District Historic Preservation Plan, dated March 2010, prepared by Historic Resources Group, LLC and included as Appendix D of the Specific Plan Guidelines.

    Hotel. A Land Use Category for hotel related uses, including, but not limited to facilities such as guest rooms and suites; meeting, banquet and ballroom facilities; lobbies; retail; restaurants; bars; nightclubs; offices; gym and fitness rooms; pools and hot tubs; spas including massage treatment facilities; salons; entertainment uses that are ancillary to the operation of a hotel; parking; and other hotel amenities as part of the hotel complex and operations.

    Internal Sign Review. See Signage Regulations, Section 22.46.2160 of this Specific Plan, for Sign and Sign-related definitions.

    Land Use Category. Those seven (7) general categories of land uses within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area, and as set forth in Tables 5-1 and 5-2 in Section 22.46.2040 of this Specific Plan. The seven (7) categories are: Studio Use, Studio Office, Office, Hotel, Entertainment Use, Entertainment Retail Use, and Amphitheater.

    Land Use Equivalency. The ability to exchange a certain amount of square feet of Floor Area of one type of Land Use Category (e.g., Studio Use) to a certain amount of square feet of Floor Area for a different Land Use Category (e.g., Office Use), based on an equivalency factor established in Section 22.46.2060 of this Specific Plan. The procedures for Land Use Equivalency referenced in this Specific Plan are set forth in Section 22.46.2060 of this Specific Plan.

    Light Source. Device that emits light energy from an electric or alternative power source, i.e. the bulb or lamp. The term Light Source does not include lighting associated with Signs, or with the interiors of buildings and structures.

    Mean Sea Level (MSL). Sea level at its mean position midway between mean high and mean low tide. MSL is used in this Specific Plan as the standard for the measurement of Heights of buildings or structures. For purposes of this Specific Plan, the MSL shall be based upon bench mark 08—00180 described as "LACFCD DISC *STMP 12-30 1952* IN WALK 5.3 FT E/O CURB CAHUENGA BLVD 11.7 FT S OF N END BRIDGE OVER LA RIVER."

    Nightclub. Any bar, cocktail lounge or restaurant, other than a cabaret, wherein live entertainment is provided, excluding Hotel meeting rooms and ballrooms. Any related alcoholic beverage sales shall be subject to Section 22.46.2090 of this Specific Plan.

    Non-Occupiable Structure. Any structure not permitted to be occupied by a person.

    Oak Tree. Those trees noted on the Master Oak Tree Map, dated February 2013, and included as Appendix E of the Specific Plan Guidelines as that appendix may be modified pursuant to Section 22.46.2100.D.2 of this Specific Plan.

    Office. A Land Use Category that includes all office uses other than Studio Office.

    Off-Site Transport Grading Project. The movement of over 10,000 cubic yards of dirt, soil, sand, gravel, rock, clay, decomposed granite, or other minerals related to Projects within the boundaries of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area and which graded materials are imported into or exported out of the combined boundaries of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area and the adjacent City [Q]C2 Area.

    On-Site Grading Project. Grading activities (excavation or fill) within the boundaries of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area involving movement of over 100,000 cubic yards of dirt, soil, sand, gravel, rock, clay, decomposed granite, or other minerals related to Projects.

    Outdoor Special Light Effects. On-site lighting effects intended primarily for entertainment of visitors, which may include, but are not limited to, sky beacons, floodlights of Thematic Elements and structures, search lights, laser lights, laser light shows, lighting included in parades, pyrotechnic special effects, xenon lights, or future technological advances in special light effects.

    Production Activities. A Studio Use that includes indoor and/or outdoor activities in conjunction with the creation, development, production (on sound stages, Sets/Facades, studios, stages, television facilities and other indoor and outdoor locations), acquisition, reproduction, recording, processing, editing, synchronizing, duplication, transmission, reception, viewing, and other use of visual, digital, print and/or aural and audio works, products, services, rights and communications. Production Activities shall include, but shall not be limited to, the use of any and all vehicles, equipment, machinery (temporary or permanent), materials (including pyrotechnic and other special effects materials), animals, or activities for such purposes. Examples of such activities include, but are not limited to, motion pictures, internet, television and radio programming, video recordings, audio recordings, digital recordings, digital media, computerization, publications, and any derivation or evolution of the foregoing as determined by the Director.

    Production Facilities. Facilities used in conjunction with Studio Uses that include buildings, structures, Non-Occupiable Structures, Sets/Facades, equipment, man-made water features, and facilities that are related to Production Activities. Production Facilities may include, but are not limited to, sound stages (including live audience stages), studios, outdoor generators, workshops, garages, storage, mills, tents, trailers, trailer servicing facilities and trailer sanitation stations, paint shops, and paint booths.

    Project. The construction, erection, addition to, or structural alteration of, any building or structure, a use of building or land, or change of use of building or land, on a lot located in whole or in part within the Universal Studios Specific Plan area, which requires the issuance of a grading permit, foundation permit, building permit, or land use permit, and which results in a net increase of Floor Area or a change in Land Use Category. For purposes of this Specific Plan, Sets/Facades (temporary or permanent), Production Activities (including outdoor production), Signs, and Temporary Uses are not a Project.

    Public Services Facility. A facility occupied by a public agency providing sheriff, fire or other public services including any associated residential quarters for public agency personnel assigned to the facility.

    Sets/Facades. Temporary or permanent structures not intended for permanent occupancy that are constructed and primarily used for motion picture, film, television, or digital production and any derivation or evolution of the foregoing technologies utilized in conjunction with Production Activities.

    Signs. See Signage Regulations, Section 22.46.2160 of this Specific Plan, for Sign and Sign-related definitions.

    Sign Conformance Review. A ministerial process to determine compliance of a proposed Sign with all applicable provisions of Section 22.46.2160 of this Specific Plan, as issued by the Director pursuant to Section 22.46.2160.D.1 of this Specific Plan.

    Specific Plan Land Use District Map. That map accompanying this Specific Plan which illustrates and categorizes the land use districts of development. The Specific Plan Land Use District Map is Exhibit 2-A as of the effective date of this Specific Plan and shall be as shown on Exhibit 2-B on the effective date of the detachment and annexation actions should those actions be approved, as may be modified by the Director pursuant to Section 22.46.2200 of this Specific Plan.

    Studio Office. A Land Use Category for work associated with Studio Uses in which the occupants conduct their primary work activity at a desk, or technical or non-technical work station, either within a private office or in an open area. Studio Office includes related support functions and facilities including, but not limited to, conference rooms, reception and waiting rooms, file rooms, copying rooms, coffee rooms, child care, restrooms, and ancillary uses such as food service, physical fitness, sale of sundries, and which are not otherwise designated for Production Activities, Production Facilities, Studio Support Facilities, or Ancillary Support Facilities.

    Studio Support Facilities. Studio Use facilities primarily used for storage, utilities, central heating and cooling, manufacturing, equipment maintenance and repair, and other similar uses.

    Studio Use. A Land Use Category primarily used for the acquisition, creation, development, production (on sound stages, Sets/Facades, television facilities and other facilities and locations), reproduction, recording, transmission, reception, publicizing, merchandising, marketing, promotion, licensing, sales, leasing, financing, accounting, legal, distribution and other exploitation of visual, print and/or aural works, products, services, rights, communications, and similar Production Activities. Examples of such works include, but are not limited to, motion pictures, television, digital and radio programming, video recordings, audio recordings, digital recordings, internet applications, video gaming, publications and any evolution of the foregoing, as well as the management and administration thereof. Studio Use facilities include Production Facilities, Studio Support Facilities, Ancillary Support Facilities, and related parking.

    Substantial Conformance Review. A ministerial process conducted by the Director to determine conformance of a Project with all applicable provisions of this Specific Plan and any other applicable provisions of the County Code, as issued by the Director pursuant to Section 22.46.2190 of this Specific Plan.

    Temporary Use. A temporary operation of any use that is not expressly permitted or expressly prohibited by this Specific Plan subject to the provisions of Section 22.46.2050.C.3 of this Specific Plan.

    Thematic Element. A three-dimensional object or non-occupiable structure or portion thereof, freestanding or attached to any building or structure. Thematic Elements may include, but are not limited to, spheres, gateways, towers, sculptures, spires, special effect elements, and architectural features. Thematic Elements may be an appurtenance to a building or structure or function as screening. A Thematic Element may be static or kinetic, may create sound subject to Section 22.46.2150 of this Specific Plan, and may be internally or externally illuminated. A Thematic Element is not a Sign.

    Theme Park. The area that has controlled access and comprises Universal Studios Hollywood and associated uses, including Entertainment Attractions, related retail, restaurants, food service facilities, and related Back-of-House and accessory uses. The Theme Park includes portions of the Universal Studio Tour and also accessory facilities such as plazas, streets, walkways, promenades, water features, parks, and other landscaped open space areas.

    Transportation Demand Management (TDM). A program promoting ridesharing, transit, bicycles, or other measures to reduce the number of vehicles accessing a property.

    Transportation Facilities. People mover systems including, but not limited to, multi-passenger diesel, gas or electric vehicles (trams, shuttles, gondolas, etc.), a rail-guided system, escalators and/or moving sidewalk systems, all of which may be at, below, or above the surface of the ground. Transportation Facilities also include bus/shuttle stops and accessory shelters, and facilities.

    Transportation Information Center (TIC). A centrally-located information center where employees, patrons, visitors, and guests may obtain information regarding shuttles, transit, metro, ridesharing programs, and real-time information for planning travel without using an automobile. The TIC may be located within the Specific Plan area or within the City [Q]C2 Area.

    Transportation Management Association (TMA). An organization comprised of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area property owner(s) and tenants whose function is to promote and implement the Transportation Demand Management program. The goal of the TMA is to promote awareness of the available TDM strategies for the employees, patrons, visitors, and guests of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area. Specific components of the TMA may include: rideshare matching; transit passes; administrative support for formation of vanpools and/or carpools; bike and walk to work promotions; emergency rides home; preferential load/unload for high occupancy vehicles; and operation of a Transportation Information Center.

    Universal Studios Historic District. The portion of the Universal Studios Specific Plan area identified on Exhibit 5 that is subject to the Historic Preservation Plan.

    Universal Studio Tour. A vehicular tour of Universal Studios for visitors to see and experience Universal Studios Hollywood and associated Entertainment Attractions.

    Universal Studio Tour Capacity. The maximum amount of Universal Studio Tour patrons that can be accommodated on the Universal Studio Tour. Universal Studio Tour Capacity consists of 23 tram vehicles, with a maximum of 160 seats per tram vehicle, per hour, or the equivalent.

(Ord. 2013-0010 § 4, 2013.)